Glossary (A - Z)
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An idea or concept that is understood without being openly stated or expressed.
A verbal response including a label, name or narrative to a non-verbal stimulus.
A method of obtaining information through sensory input such as by touching (e.g., counting items using touch without seeing them).
Sounds that a speech-language pathologist aims to work on throughout a therapy session, or that a caregiver works on while carrying out home programming.
Words that a speech-language pathologist aims to work on throughout a therapy session, or that a caregiver works on while carrying out home programming.
The region of the brain thought to be involved in auditory perception, semantic processing and vision.
A measurement of reliability, often known as 'test-retest', which is the likelihood that a test will yield the same or similar result when given more than once to the same responder. For an instrument to be useful, it is essential for it to have a reasonable level of temporal stability that can be related to the defining measures of the constructs.
A grammatical marker made using any form of a verb that indicates when in time (past, present or future) an action occurs.
A subdivision of the brain that serves as a relay station to and from the cerebral cortex and functions in arousal and the integration of sensory information.
Based on or calculated through theory rather than experience or practice.
Approach based on or calculated through theory rather than experience or practice.
Model based on or calculated through theory rather than experience or practice.
Theory of mind
An individual’s ability to understand and interpret other individual’s actions, intentions, beliefs or desires.
Third person singular
A verb form used to express "he", "she", "it" or "one".
Transitive verb/verb construction
A verb (or verb construction) that requires a direct object (e.g., in English the verb 'hit' - Sarah hit Molly).
Involving research across different subjects or disciplines.
A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables, frequently seen in Shakespearean literature and often used in articulation therapy. Often follows a vowel-consonant-vowel pattern (e.g., the stress pattern sounds like DA dum DA dum DA dum DA dum).
A rare chromosomal disorder of females characterized by short stature, reproductive difficulties, and in some cases, distinct physical characteristics. Most individuals with Turner syndrome are not developmentally delayed. They may have some learning disabilities, particularly with regard to spatial perception, visual-motor coordination, and mathematics. As a result, the nonverbal IQ in Turner syndrome tends to be lower than the verbal IQ.
A system of classifying the sound (phonological) and order and structural (grammatical) differences between languages.