Glossary (A - Z)
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A direct object or indirect object which is not an independent word. In Arabic, they are suffixes which are added to a verb, pronoun, or preposition.
The smallest of the four lobes of the human brain; responsible for visual processing.
Of, relating to, or distributed to the occipital and temporal lobes of the brain. See occipital lobe. See temporal lobe.
In mathematics, each item in a set is counted once and the final number is the number of items in the set.
In a syllable, the onset is the initial consonant or consonants, and the rime is the vowel and any consonants that follow it (e.g., in the word 'sat', the onset is 's' and the rime is 'at'; in the word 'flip', the onset is 'fl' and the rime is 'ip').
A question or statement designed to encourage a full, meaningful answer using the subject's own knowledge and/or feelings (e.g., Tell me about your favourite movie).
Oral language skills
Refers to fluency in speaking and listening. Includes vocabulary, grammatical knowledge and narrative discourse skills.
Oral mechanism evaluation/screening
An examination of the mouth and surrounding structures by a speech-language pathologist or related professional, such as a dentist or doctor; focuses specifically on anatomically correct structure and function within normal range.
Oral motor exercises
Exercises used to overcome muscle weakness or difficulty using articulators. These exercises are recommended by a speech-language pathologist or related professional.
Oral motor skills
Refers to the movement of the lips, cheeks, tongue, jaw, muscles of the mouth and the coordination of these movements.
The region of the frontal lobe of the brain that is involved in decision making and other cognitive processes; also has a role in emotion.
The concept that stopping and starting points are irrelevant to counting accuracy; the order in which the items are counted - left to right, right to left, or starting in the middle- does not matter.
A scale using numbers or symbols to rank order; its intervals are unspecified (e.g., first, second, third).
The visual representation of the order and use of symbols and letters in a written language; the spelling of a language.
The knowledge that sounds within a language are represented by specific letters or symbols.
The ability to form, store and access orthographic representations (i.e., spelling of words) (Stanovich & West, 1989).
See orthographic processing.
The symbol used for a single written word.
A system for representing the sounds of language by written symbols. This involves correct spelling patterns and rules.
A medical doctor specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose and throat disorders.